What is Attention Deficit Hyperacitivity Disorder (ADHD)?

“A persistent pattern of inattention and hyperactivity– impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development.” For more detailed information, got to the ADHD NZ website: http://www.adhd.org.nz

Sometimes a person has ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder, which is an inability to remain attentive without the hyperactivity.  Both conditions make it difficult for a child to function in day to day life and at school.

If you would like to do an online test, go to ADHD website: http://www.adhd.org.nz/

green appleFor ADHD to be officially diagnosed, six or more of these symptoms have persisted for at least six months.

Inattention:

  • Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes.

  • Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activity.

  • Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly.

  • Does not follow through on instructions or finish work.

  • Has difficulty organising tasks and activities.

  • Avoids, dislikes or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort.

  • Loses things necessary for tasks or activities.

  • Is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli

  • Is forgetful.

  • Very limited attention span.

Hyperactivity:

  • May distract others.

  • Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat.

  • Leaves seat when staying in seat is expected.

  • Runs about or climbs excessively in situations where it is inappropriate. In teens or adults there may be a feeling of restlessness.

  • Has difficulty playing quietly.

  • Is often `on the go’ or seems `driven by a motor’.

  • Talks excessively.

Impulsivity:

  • Blurts out answers before questions have been completed.

  • Has difficulty waiting for a turn.

  • Interrupts or intrudes on others.

The following must also be observed:

  • Some symptoms are present before age seven.

  • Some impairment in at least two different settings.

  • Interference with developmentally appropriate academic, social, or occupational functioning.

  • No evidence of another mental or developmental disorder.

Source: DSM – IV Criteria

green appleWhere can you get help?

For more information or support contact us at Empowered Learning Trust, or ADHD New Zealand